By Niels Davidsen-Nielsen
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Extra info for Tense and Mood in English: A Comparison with Danish
We have chosen not to do so for the following reasons: As already stated, we understand by mood grammatically expressed modality and by modality a qualification of an utterance whereby the Speaker operates with alternatives to the current actual world. By modalizing an utterance he superimposes notions such as possibility and necessity on it. This implies that modality — and consequently mood as well — is a non-obligatory category and that in indicative sentences such as Colonel Gaddafi is dead and The road is blocked the Speaker has chosen not to make use of it.
Krceft cede mig! ' It is not used in noun clauses as in English (e. g. It is necessary that every member inform himself of these mies), nor for the expression of epistemic modality (e. g. Whatever be the reason, we cannot tolerate his disloyalty). The imperative, on the other hand, is used extensively as in English: Trced af 'Dismiss', Lad os gä 'Let's go', Kom ind 'Come in', etc. Theoretically, it would be possible to operate with one undivided category of mood, some of whose members are implemented by inflection (WISH, COMPULSION) and others of whose by auxiUaries (POSSIBILITY, NECESSITY, PROBABILITY, REPORT).
Even in societies that have a cyclical notion of time, the individual cycles are viewed as chronologically arranged, i. e. cyclicity is superimposed on a linear conceptualization of time (Comrie 1985: 5). All the languages of the world appear to have ways of locating events in time. Linguistic time expressions are either lexical (whether composite like "ten minutes ago" or non-composite like "tomorrow") or grammatical (whether inflectional or by means of auxiliaries). Although some linguists restrict the term "tense" to morphologically expressed location in time, i.