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By J. Cornelis de Vos

J. Cornelis de Vos examines the influence and reception of the Decalogue as much as 2 hundred CE, scrutinizing the models of the Decalogue, and the background of the Decalogue in historical Jewish writings, the hot testomony, and early Christian writings. just about all texts exhibit an interconnection of id and normativity: the Decalogue services as an expression of primary ethical options of socio-religious teams. even as, those teams increase the Decalogue with normativity—sometimes even increasing on it—to make it a textual content that generates their very own identity.
This is the 1st learn that offers an in-depth and non-stop research of the early background of the Decalogue.

Der Wirkung und Rezeption des Dekalogs bis two hundred n.Chr. widmet sich J. Cornelis de Vos in dieser Studie. Dafür erforscht er zunächst die alten Textzeugen der beiden Dekalogfassungen, um anschließend zu fragen, wie die Zehn Gebote bei antik-jüdischen Autoren, im Neuen testomony sowie in frühchristlichen Schriften aufgenommen wurden. Es zeigt sich eine Verbindung von Normativität und Identität: Der Dekalog gilt zumeist als Ausdruck der moralischen Grundauffassungen sozioreligiöser Gruppen; er wird gleichzeitig von diesen Gruppen mit Normativität aufgeladen – manchmal sogar erweitert – gerade um als Identität stiftend für die eigene Gruppe zu gelten.
Dies ist die erste Studie, die eine detaillierte und durchgehende Geschichte des Dekalogs in der Antike beschreibt.

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Extra resources for Rezeption und Wirkung des Dekalogs in jüdischen und christlichen Schriften bis 200 n.Chr.

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B. Dohmen, Exodus 19–40, 109. 20  J oüon/Muraoka, Grammar, § 63b mit Anm. 2. Der Dekalog in den frühen Textzeugen 23 (10) Ex 20,8 mt = Dtn 5,12 mt: ‫ | השבת‬Ex 20,8 lxx = Dtn 5,12 lxx: τῶν σαββάτων | Singular :: Plural21 (11) Ex 20,10 mt = Dtn 5,14 mt: ‫ | שבת‬Ex 20,10 lxx = Dtn 5,14 lxx: σάββατα | Singular :: Plural (12) Ex 20,12 mt = Dtn 5,16 mt: ‫ | נתן‬Ex 20,12 lxx = Dtn 5,16 lxx: δίδωσίν | Partizip :: Indikativ (13) Ex 20,16 mt = Dtn 5,20 mt: ‫ | עד‬Ex 20,16 lxx = Dtn 5,20 lxx: μαρτυρία | „Zeuge“ :: „Zeugnis“ Es bleiben die folgenden Varianten, auf die ein wenig tiefer einzugehen ist: (14) Ex 20,4 mt = Dtn 5,8 mt: ‫ | פסל‬Ex 20,4 lxx = Dtn 5,8 lxx rh: εἴδωλον | Hier liegt in der Septuaginta eine Götzenkritik vor, die deutlich weiter geht als die im Masoretischen Text.

A. Dexinger, „Ursprung“, und Böhm, Samaritaner, Abschn. 2 und 4.

Variantengruppe 6: Ex mt ≠ Dtn mt | Ex mt = Ex lxx | Dtn mt = Dtn lxx | Ex lxx = Dtn lxx (34) Ex 20,16 mt: ‫ | שקר‬Dtn 5,20 mt: ‫ | שוא‬Ex 20,16 lxx = Dtn 5,20 lxx: ψευδῆ. Die Übersetzungen sind jeweils adäquat, obgleich Dtn lxx in 5,11 ‫ שוא‬mit μάταιος übersetzt (vgl. Ex 20,7 lxx). Variantengruppe 7: Ex mt ≠ Dtn mt | Ex mt ≠ Ex lxx | Dtn mt = Dtn lxx | Ex lxx = Dtn lxx Bei dieser Variantengruppe weicht Ex lxx von Ex mt ab, ist aber identisch mit Dtn lxx. Hier kann man vermuten, dass Ex lxx an Dtn lxx angepasst wurde.

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