By A. V. Pollock (auth.), Hans Troidl, Walter O. Spitzer, Bucknam McPeek, David S. Mulder, Martin F. McKneally, Andrew S. Wechsler, Charles M. Balch (eds.)
What is tips on how to plan surgical learn? What difficulties are commonly encountered in scientific examine? How may still a examine file be awarded at a systematic assembly? those questions and extra are all responded in Principles and perform of Research.The moment version has additional new sections on animal learn types, the molecular and mobile size of surgical learn, and useful directions for acquiring govt and third-party investment. different advancements contain a friendlier dialogue of facts and up to date fabric approximately online machine literature searches. This ebook presents each medical researcher with a roadmap round the pitfalls of poorly designed stories, during the jungle of incomprehensible information, and over the hurdles of analysis reporting to a profitable learn from begin to end. From the stories of the first edition: "For me, it's a bible and a must for each Ph.D. or M.D. all for medical study, in particular within the box of surgical procedure. it may be at the desk - now not at the publication shelf - of either the younger in addition to the skilled investigator as a without difficulty obtainable resource of data to prevent the trial-and-error method of difficulties in surgical research." #World magazine of Surgery#1 "...a rigorously conceived, concise mix of actual conception and rules, sensible guidance, and philosophical perspective... ...I have discovered it challenging to spot any omission (even a specific bibliography on laboratory animals, their care, dealing with, and anatomy is integrated) and very unlikely to unmarried out anybody contribution: every one is a treasure - good written, concise, and complete." #The Lancet#2 "The characteristic of the ebook is that, regardless of realization to element, it continues a transparent and useful method of the complete box, starting with the explanations for undertaking examine, the categories of analysis, and particularly the reporting of research... ...Almost all points of analysis are coated, from small retrospective stories to departmental, institutional, nationwide and foreign projects... ...The bankruptcy on writing for ebook could be obligatory analyzing for all budding authors." #Journal of Bone and JointSurgery#3
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Extra resources for Principles and Practice of Research: Strategies for Surgical Investigators
3. 9. Isador S. Ravdin. 10. Jonathan E. Rhoads. ogy, bacteriology, and so far as possible physiology .... Young men contemplating the study of surgery should early in life seek to acquire knowledge of the subjects fundamental to the study of their profession:'3 covery of one age improving on another, either truths, hitherto unknown, must be enforced by stronger evidence, facilitated by a clearer method, or more ably elucidated by brighter illustrations. 6 In his frequently quoted presidential address to the American Surgical Association in 1956, Alfred Blalock said: The distinguished Nobel laureate, Arthur Kornberg, in an essay entitled "Research - The Lifeline of Medicine;' stated: Advances in medicine spring from discoveries in physics, chemistry, and biology.
Ruskin 1. The Stones ofVenice. Boston: Dana Estes, 1851. 3. Einstein A. Einstein on his theory. The Times, November 28, 1919; quoted in The Times, November 28, 1985. 4. Lakatos 1. Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes. In: Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, Lakatos I, Musgrave A, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970. 5. Popper K. Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge, 4th ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1972: 129. 6. McIntyre N, Popper K.
W ... U" ..... 4. Title page of first issue of Langenbeck's Archiv für klinische Chirurgie. C. Sabiston, Ir. 5. William Stewart Halsted. prestigious academic chairs immediately following their completion of Halsted's training program at the Johns Hopkins HospitaP (Fig. 6). His astonishing success in the training of surgeons was later duplicated by such other notable figures as Blalock4 (Fig. 7), WangensteenS (Fig. 8), Ravdin (Fig. 9), and Rhoads (Fig. 10). Halsted said "It was our intention originally to adopt as closely as feasible the German plan, which, in the main, is the same for all the principal clinics ...