By Barbara Alice Mann
Ever due to the fact ecu settlers stumbled upon the eighteenth-century mounds, motives and interpretations of them – usually ridiculous and rarely local American – have seemed as sober scholarship. this present day, the local American Graves defense and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA) has intensified the controversy over who «owns» the mounds – glossy descendants of the Mound developers or Western archaeologists. Native american citizens, Archaeologists, and the Mounds is the 1st cogent examine the entire matters surrounding the mounds, their historical past, their renovation, and their interpretation. utilizing the traditions of these Natives descended from the Mound developers in addition to ancient and archaeological proof, Barbara Alice Mann put the mounds of their local cultural context as she examines the fraught matters enveloping them within the twenty-first century.
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Neither did Linneaus hesitate to attach moral judgments to his human taxonomies. " "Of African women, he wrote: feminis sine pudoris; mammae lactantes prolixae— Women without shame, breasts lactate profusely. "*' In Systema Naturae, Linnaeus placed the "American" type immediately after the "Wild Man" yet somewhat before "Troglodytes," describing Native Americans as "Copper-coloured, choleric, erect. Hair black, straight, thick; nostrils wide,yace harsh; beard scanty; obstinate, content free.
E. ^* Even given his skepticism, however. Barton felt pressured to explain the Native presence in the Americas in terms of land bridges. His theory of great antiquity did not rule out an Asian migration to the Americas. Barton thus brought up the 1776 Kamchatka voyages of Captain James Cook, venturing that if the two continents of Asia and America be separated at all, it is only by a narrow streight [sic]. So that from this side also, inhabitants may have passed into America: and the resemblance between the Indians of America and the Eastem inhabitants of Asia would induce us to conjecture, that the fomier are the descendants of the latter, or the latter of the It is worth noting that, unlike Acosta and most modem scholars.
Morton was also a polygeneticist, believing that the various races of humanity—which he followed the Septuagint Bible in declaring only 6,000 years old—had been created separately, appearing at the moment of creation precisely as they appeared in his own antebellum period. '"* In scientifically describing all the "races" (and they multiplied furiously under his pen), he recorded of "The American Race" that the "skull is small, wide between the parietal protuberances, prominent at the vertex, and flat on the occiput," a description that became downright archetypal in later anthropology.