Download Geospatial Analysis of Environmental Health by Juliana A. Maantay, Sara McLafferty PDF

By Juliana A. Maantay, Sara McLafferty

This booklet makes a speciality of a number geospatial functions for environmental health and wellbeing examine, together with environmental justice matters, environmental health and wellbeing disparities, air and water illness, and infectious illnesses. Environmental future health learn is at a thrilling aspect in its use of geotechnologies, and plenty of researchers are engaged on cutting edge ways. This ebook is a well timed scholarly contribution in updating the most important ideas and functions of utilizing GIS and different geospatial equipment for environmental health and wellbeing examine. each one bankruptcy comprises unique examine which makes use of a geotechnical instrument (Geographic info structures (GIS), distant sensing, GPS, etc.) to deal with an environmental sickness. The ebook is split into 3 sections prepared round the following subject matters: concerns in GIS and environmental healthiness study; utilizing GIS to evaluate environmental well-being affects; and geospatial tools for environmental well-being. Representing different case reviews and geospatial tools, the publication may be of curiosity to researchers, practitioners and scholars around the geographic and environmental healthiness sciences. The authors are major researchers and practitioners within the box of GIS and environmental health.

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Because of these very visible and wide-ranging impacts, it is no wonder that so many environmental health justice studies focus on air pollution and respiratory disease, and asthma in particular, despite the fact that air pollution is an especially complicated environmental hazard to quantify, measure, and accurately assess exposure. Air quality is one of the most stringently regulated environmental media in much of the developed world, and although great strides have been made in past decades to reduce air pollution, it remains a serious threat, and is one of the root causes of health disparities and disproportionate impacts.

Maantay and S. McLafferty factorial ecology, geospatial techniques, and hierarchical cluster analysis, urban landscape classes are derived from the environmental and built environment riskfactors hypothesized to be associated with WNV transmission. The infection rate among birds, mosquitoes, and human cases are then compared to these urban classes to better understand the characteristics of those landscape classes most conducive to the proliferation of the virus. , who use participatory mapping as a strategy in controlling the malaria vector in Tanzania.

Research has also linked residential segregation based on race, ethnicity, or religion with adverse health outcomes (Morello-Frosch and Jesdale, 2006). Grady’s Housing and Racial Disparities in Low Birth Weight: A GIS Risk Assessment, Chapter 15, looks precisely at this issue of how housing conditions and deficiencies affect health, using low birth weight as an indicator. She argues that there are racial disparities involved in both of these factors, which is an important finding for policy- and decision-makers to understand and take into account in their work.

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