By Robert McNaughton
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Additional info for Elementary Computability, Formal Languages, and Automata
The translator might then decide on a new rendering of �l One possibility is 'communal chanting(s) of the name of God', which keeps both elements, but loses that of 'throng of people'. A third possibility is to keep all three elements, as in 'communal chanted invocations', or 'chanted communal invocations' - but these collocations (cf. Ch. 6) sound odd in English, more like technical definitions than expressive descriptions. This loss in idiomaticity might be avoided by conflating 'communal' and 'chanting' into a single verb, as in 'chorusing invocations of the name of God ' ; the loss 43 Compensation here is that the element of musicality which is typically present in �,j is at best only implicit: a chorus of voices does not necessarily sing - it can just as easily be speaking or shouting.
28 Thinking Arabic translation . ::u. i4J ! J W . :u. L:. �l - » . J � d..... l ul �) - » . « U� I J� J �� � t�·� - » . « �� I - » . ' ! :aL... . :;·� - » . ;J I o�1 · « � i� - » . " "· ·'! "";" uF J � - » 3 Cultural transposition 3. 1 BASIC PRINCIPLES In this chapter, we complete our introduction to the notion of translation loss by looking at some implications of the fact that translating involves not just two languages, but a transfer from one culture to another. General cultural differences are sometimes bigger obstacles to successful translation than linguistic differences.
But, because of the prevailing exoticism of the IT, it might not be clear that this is actually a proverb. This would be a significant translation loss if it were important that the reader should realize that the speaker is using a proverb. ' standard TL cultural equivalent of its SL equivalent. Perhaps the most obvious What was originally a calqued expression sometimes actually becomes a example of a calque from Arabic into current English is 'Mother of ... l 1 ii used by Saddam Hussein to describe the 'battle' between Iraqi troops and those of the coalition organized to drive the invading Iraqi army from Kuwait.