By Robert G. Kelly, John R. Scully, David Shoesmith, Rudolph G. Buchheit
Compiles experimental techniques from greater than a decade in fact lectures and laboratory paintings to foretell the functionality of fabrics and corrosion mitigation recommendations and check the accuracy of corrosion tracking concepts.
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Extra resources for Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering
Figure 9 (a) Simpliﬁed E–pH diagram for Al, which is typical of many valve metals such as Ti, W, and Zn. , corrode at both high and low pH, because soluble species are more stable than metallic Al under such conditions. (b) E–pH diagram for Al showing effects of dissolved ion concentration on the boundaries of the phase diagram. Numbers next to boundary lines are the logarithms of the concentration of the species involved. equation on concentration must generally be considered. A more extensive E– pH diagram for Al is shown in Figure 1-9b.
From Ref. ) Figure 13 Simpliﬁed E–pH for Zn. (From Ref. ) Copyright 2003 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. To approach the problem, the complex system was modeled as a galvanic couple amongst pure Al, pure Zn, and pure Fe. Figure 13 shows the E–pH diagram for Zn. Qualitatively, it is similar to the Al diagram shown in Fig. 9. Figure 14 shows an overlay of the E–pH diagrams for Al, Zn, and Fe. In order for material to function as a sacriﬁcial anode, it must remain active/unﬁlmed. In fact, prevention of passivation of Al anodes continues to be an area of interest for marine applications owing to its many advantages over conventional zinc anodes.
P. Marcus, E. Protopopoff. J. Electrochem. Soc. 140, 1571 (1993). 16. E. D. Verink, Jr. In: Electrochemical Techniques for Corrosion Engineering (R. ). NACE International, Houston, 101 (1986). 17. D. Silverman. Corrosion 38, 541 (1982). 18. D. C. Silverman. In: Electrochemical Techniques for Corrosion Engineering (R. ). NACE International, Houston, 117 (1986). 19. E. Gileadi, E. Kirowa-Eisner, J. Penciner. Interfacial Electrochemistry: An Experimental Approach. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 151 (1975).