By Czeslaw Tubilewicz
This informative and up to date textual content takes a multidisciplinary strategy in analyzing modern China. It presents scholars with a accomplished research of many of the social, political and financial problems that China faces because it enters the twenty-first century. The chapters hide key concerns together with: serious advancements in chinese language politics asymmetric fiscal improvement privatization in China environmental difficulties demography and meals construction ethnic minorities cross-strait family members socio-cultural matters. serious matters in modern China displays the various contemporary reforms in China and may equip the undergraduate with the analytical talents they should research the serious matters surrounding China from contending views.
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Extra resources for Criticial Issues in Contemporary China
Kenneth Lieberthal (2004: 233–40) has identified several measures that the CCP has used to control government: 1 2 3 4 5 nomenklatura: a patronage system borrowed from the former Soviet Union for senior cadres that allows the Party to control their career moves; interlocking directorates: this involves key Party officials holding concurrent government appointments. This practice allows Party control through personnel appointments; leadership groups that coordinate between the CCP and government and policy recommendations; Party core groups made up of Party members in the state apparatus to translate Party decisions into government policies; and the promotion of Party platforms through regular meetings and study sessions.
The CCP had to rally support by showing people ideational leadership. Since recent decades had led to a tainted image of the Party as bureaucratic, sluggish, and out of touch with international ideational development, the Party needed to reinvigorate itself. As Jiang reinterpreted the social representation of the CCP as the workers’ vanguard party, he argued that economic reform had caused social changes, with the emergence of new social strata (jieceng). Note the use of ‘social strata’, rather than the more common ‘social class’ (jieji).
It has had to adapt to changes in the domestic and international environments. This chapter will discuss the most critical challenges that face the CCP in the early twenty-first century that might potentially lead to its further transformation. I begin this chapter by discussing the nature of the political regime and ideological leadership in China. I examine the role of ideology in the Chinese political system by analysing the evolution of the CCP’s official ideology, particularly Jiang Zemin’s ‘Important Thought of the Three Represents’ and Hu Jintao’s idea of building a ‘harmonious society’.