By Gordon Fraser
This e-book offers a biography of Abdus Salam, the 1st Muslim to win a Nobel Prize for technological know-how (Physics 1979), who used to be however excommunicated and branded as a heretic in his personal state. His achievements are usually ignored, even besmirched. understanding that the entire international needed to be his degree, he pioneered the overseas Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, a necessary concentration of 3rd international technology which is still as his monument. A staunch Muslim, he was once ashamed of the decline of technological know-how within the historical past of Islam, and struggled doggedly to revive it to its former glory. Undermined by means of his excommunication, those valiant efforts have been doomed.
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Extra resources for Cosmic anger: Abdus Salam - the first Muslim Nobel scientist
Akbar’s armies soon conquered Jaipur, Gujurat, Bengal, Kashmir, Orissa and Sindh, establishing a major realm that was now essentially Indian, rather than an annex to central Asia. This huge empire was ethnically and religiously mixed, but ruled by a small but recognizable minority. To do this, Akbar recruited promising local talent, often from Rajput ranks. These officers and administrators became junior partners, rather than servants, of Empire. The rewards from this service outweighed what could be expected from obstinacy and rebellion.
After establishing the most remote of these, beyond Samarkand, in 327 BC he recrossed the Hindu Kush, this time turning south-east into what is still romantically called the North-West Frontier Province. Alexander’s aim was to reach the furthest reaches of the Persian Empire. However, this boundary was not marked with a line on a map – it was more a blur that faded into the plain of the Punjab. Herodotus had supplied a tantalizing guide book, full of tales of ants that dug gold from the ground, and tigers with a sting at the end of their tail.
One of the most recent examples of a perceived messianic fulfilment is that of the Ahmadi sect of Islam to which Salam belonged. While firm belief in a nineteenthcentury Promised Messiah is merely curious to some, it is outright heresy to others. As well as being a driving influence on his personal and family life, Salam’s fervent belief affected his status in Pakistan: his reputation in his home country was always a barometer of Ahmadi status. The three monotheistic religions share a treasure of biblical literature.