Download Concepto de ideología. Volumen 3. Irracionalismo, by Jorge Larraín PDF

By Jorge Larraín

Este tercer volumen de l. a. serie se concentra en el análisis de tres tradiciones centrales del pensamiento en las ciencias sociales: el irracionalismo, el historicismo y el positivismo. Aquí entra con más fuerza el problema de l. a. verdad y los angeles ciencia, para defenderlas o atacarlas. El concepto de ideología deja de ser analizado solo en el contexto del capitalismo y son ahora l. a. propia razón y l. a. ciencia las que caen bajo sospecha (historicismo, irracionalismo), o las que son defendidas contra los angeles metafísica (positivismo).

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Additional info for Concepto de ideología. Volumen 3. Irracionalismo, historicismo y positivismo: Nietzsche, Mannheim y Durkheim

Example text

A century later, Durkheim’s analysis still holds true. Figure 1–1 shows suicide rates for various categories of people in the United States. Keep in mind that suicide is very rare—a rate of 10 suicides for every 100,000 people is about the same as 6 inches in a mile. Even so, we can see some interesting patterns. 1). For both races, suicide was more common among men than among women. 0) to take their own lives. , 2008). Applying Durkheim’s logic, the higher suicide rate among white people and men reflects their greater wealth and freedom, just as the lower rate among women and African Americans reflects their limited social choices.

SEEING SOCIOLOGY IN EVERYDAY LIFE As Mike opened the envelope, he felt the tightness in his chest. The letter he dreaded was in his hands—his job was finished at the end of the day. After eleven years! Years in which he had worked hard, sure that he would move up in the company. All those hopes and dreams were now suddenly gone. Mike felt like a failure. Anger at himself—for not having worked even harder, for having wasted eleven years of his life in what had turned out to be a dead-end job— grew inside him.

What might you be doing right now instead of reading this textbook? 9 billion people who live in the cities and villages of 194 nations. To grasp the social shape of the world on a smaller scale, imagine shrinking the planet’s population to a “global village” of just 1,000 people. In this village, more than half (603) of the inhabitants would be Asian, including 194 citizens of the People’s Republic of China. Next, in terms of numbers, we would find 149 Africans, 107 Europeans, 85 people from Latin America and the Caribbean, 5 people from Australia and the South Pacific, and just 50 North Americans, including 45 people from the United States.

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