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By Albert Albers, Noel Leon Rovira, Humberto Aguayo, Thomas Maier (auth.), Gaetano Cascini (eds.)

International Federation for info Processing

The IFIP sequence publishes cutting-edge ends up in the sciences and applied sciences of knowledge and verbal exchange. The scope of the sequence comprises: foundations of machine technology; software program conception and perform; schooling; machine purposes in know-how; conversation platforms; structures modeling and optimization; details platforms; pcs and society; computers expertise; safety and security in details processing structures; synthetic intelligence; and human-computer interplay. complaints and post-proceedings of refereed foreign meetings in machine technological know-how and interdisciplinary fields are featured. those effects frequently precede magazine e-book and characterize the most up-tp-date learn. The crucial target of the IFIP sequence is to inspire schooling and the dissemination and trade of knowledge approximately all facets of computing.

For additional info concerning the three hundred different books within the IFIP sequence, please stopover at www.springer.com.

For additional info approximately IFIP, please stopover at www.ifip.org.

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Extra resources for Computer-Aided Innovation (CAI): IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Proceedings of the Second Topical Session on Computer-Aided Innovation, WG 5.4/TC 5 Computer-Aided Innovation, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy

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Portion of the conceptual map of the patent US6,064,024: the arrows with no label represent hierarchical relationships (the component at the tip of the arrow is a subsystem of the components at the tail of the arrow); labeled arrows represent functional and positional interactions; the colors highlight the relevance score of each component. Measuring patent similarity by comparing inventions functional trees 37 Such a comparison is made also taking into account the alternative denominations of each component, by means of the Thesaurus built according to the rules defined in [20].

Zini by comparing the number of shared SAO triples (Subject Action Object), instead of the keywords alone. The main advantage of the SAO-based approach is that patents are compared in terms of functions delivered by the elements of the invention and general terms are filtered out. Nevertheless, we observe that while taking into account syntactical information this comparison is still too dependent on the mere text and, as such, it depends more on the writer’s style than on the actual ‘semantics’ of the described invention.

Annarumma, M. Pappalardo, and A. Naddeo Figure 4: OCRA ergonomic evaluation tool zoom For these reasons, the methodology was developed integrating design/ simulation tools, which exactly allows simulating and analyzing the work environment with digital human models that carry out manual assembly tasks. In this way, designers are assisted and guided in the context of a product/service, before it exists and throughout its entire lifecycle. Therefore, an ergonomic evaluation tool, based on the OCRA protocol, as shown in figures 1,2,3,4 has been implemented and integrated inside the DHM software used for carrying out the simulation, recognizing several human postures and making ergonomic assessments founded on other standard protocols, by own specific tools.

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