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By Inge Bartning, Maisa Martin, Ineke Vedder

The typical ecu Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) has turn into the yardstick for educating and trying out language talents in Europe and in other places. but little is understood in regards to the relationships among the communicative degrees verified utilizing the can-do statements of the CEFR and the developmental levels of grammatical and lexical improvement defined via moment Language Acquisition (SLA) examine. This publication offers empirical learn by way of individuals of the SLATE community (Second Language Acquisition and checking out in Europe), geared toward bridging this hole. The experiences take care of numerous objective languages, together with Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Italian, Norwegian and Spanish, with grownup, adolescent and baby freshmen in either formal and casual contexts

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Be that as it may, at least for the L2 English tasks, a decision was made to ensure that the task prompts contained as little L2 input as possible. Table 1. The domain and register and the functions and linguistic structures that the tasks in Cefling were expected to elicit. Tasks Domain, register and functions Task 1 • Domain and register: personal life, informal Email message to a friend • Functions: apologizing, argumentation or expressing obligation/necessity (answering to why question, negation), requesting, giving information • Linguistic structures: questions, negation, tense, locative expressions Task 2 • Domain and register: personal life, school, informal or formal Email message to a teacher • Functions: argumentation or expressing obligation/necessity, asking for information • Linguistic structures: questions, negation, tense, locative expressions Task 3 • Domain and register: personal, public, formal Email message to an internet store • Functions: introducing oneself, complaining, requesting correction, suggesting solution Task 4 • Domain and register: personal, everyday life, school, informal or formal Opinion • Functions: expressing an opinion, arguing for or against • Linguistic structures: questions, negation, aspect • Linguistic structures: tense, aspect, locative expressions Task 5 • Domain and register: personal life, informal Story • Functions: describing and narrating, argumentation or expressing an opinion, liking or dislike • Linguistic structures: tense, agreement Designing and assessing L2 writing tasks across CEFR proficiency levels 33 6.

1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association & National Council on Measurement in Education. Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bachman, L. , & Cohen, A. D. (1998). Interfaces between second language acquisition and language testing research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bachman, L. , & Palmer, A. S. (1996). Language testing in practice: Designing and developing useful language tests.

Write in English in clear characters in the space below. • Ask two things about the exam. • Explain why you’ve been away. You’ve been away from school for a week. Soon you’ll have a Finnish exam. Send an email message to the teacher. more basic morphology • Suggest a new time and place. more basic Write in Finnish in clear characters in the space below. morphology Remember to begin and end the message appropriately. >>> You’ve agreed with your friend that you will meet after more basic school at a café.

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