By Linda D. Molm
This publication describes the development and result of a decade-long test on energy in social trade relatives. trade theorists have usually excluded punishment and coercion from their analyses; yet Molm examines no matter if trade thought could be elevated to incorporate gift and coercive strength. She develops and exams a concept that emphasizes the interdependence of present and coercive strength, discovering that they're essentially diversified, not just of their results on habit, but in addition within the incentive and the hazards of energy use.
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Additional resources for Coercive Power in Social Exchange (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)
1983; Markovsky et al. 1988; Molm 1981, 1985). , Lawler 1992; Molm 1990). Forms of asymmetrical exchange. An exchange advantage does not necessarily imply that the more powerful actor receives better absolute outcomes than the partner. Rather, the more powerful actor will be able to enjoy more frequently, at lower cost, the best outcomes available to her in the relationship (Thibaut and Kelley 1959). Whether a power advantage also produces better outcomes in an absolute sense depends on the extent to which the advantage is produced by differences in the value of exchange to the two actors, rather than differences in access to alternatives.
As a result, A initiates exchange with B without knowing either the benefits or the opportunity costs of exchanging with B. Second, the two forms of exchange create different relations between actors' behaviors and their outcomes. In negotiated transactions, neither actor can obtain benefit without a joint agreement that provides some benefit to both actors. But in reciprocal transactions, actors can obtain benefit without providing anything in return (and, conversely, they can provide benefit without obtaining anything in return).
The process of exchange Whereas the structure of exchange describes the patterns of relations among actors, the process of exchange describes how interaction takes place within that structure. Exchange opportunities (which may be defined by particular times, settings, or events) provide actors with the occasion to initiate an exchange. For example, a neighbor who is going out of town provides the opportunity to initiate an exchange by offering to care for the neighbor's house (with the hope, no doubt, that the neighbor will reciprocate in the future).