By Mario De Caro, Massimo Marraffa, Francesco Ferretti
This booklet is a suite of essays exploring a few classical dimensions of brain either from the viewpoint of an empirically-informed philosophy and from the perspective of a philosophically-informed psychology. The chapters replicate the several varieties of interplay with a purpose to make clear concerns and debates relating a few conventional cognitive capacities. the result's a philosophically and scientifically updated selection of "cartographies of the mind".
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Additional resources for Cartographies of the Mind: Philosophy and Psychology in Intersection (Studies in Brain and Mind, Volume 4)
11 The main problem with the semantic construal of computational explanation is that it requires essential representations, but all it has available is accidental ones. If we try to individuate computations by appealing to the semantic properties of accidental representations, we obtain an inadequate notion of computation. For the same accidental representation may represent different things to different interpreters. By the same token, a process that is individuated by reference to the semantic properties of accidental representations may be taken by different interpreters to compute different things—to constitute different computations— without changing anything in the process itself.
13 Egan (1995). , Putnam (1967); Churchland and Sejnowski (1992). See Piccinini (2004c) for discussion. , Putnam (1967); Churchland and Sejnowski (1992); Wolfram (2002). 16 For more on this, see Piccinini (forthcoming).
A mechanistic explanation involves the partition of a mechanism into components, the assignment of functions or capacities to those components, and the identification of organizational relations between the components. For any capacity of a mechanism, a mechanistic explanation invokes appropriate functions of appropriate components of the mechanism, which, when appropriately organized under normal conditions, generate the capacity to be explained. The components’ capacities to fulfill their functions may be explained by the same strategy, namely, in terms of the components’ components, functions, and organization.