By Alan W. Richardson
This e-book is an immense contribution to the heritage of analytic philosophy ordinarily and logical positivism particularly. It offers the 1st unique and complete learn of Rudolf Carnap, essentially the most influential figures in twentieth-century philosophy. This ebook fills an important hole within the literature at the heritage of twentieth-century philosophy, and may be of specific significance to historians of analytic philosophy, philosophers of technology, and historians of technological know-how.
Read or Download Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism PDF
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Extra resources for Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism
A related difference between Russell and Carnap is found in their respective attitudes toward logic. As we have seen, Russell has an ante24 The Aufbau and the external world program cedent epistemological point of view given in his adherence to the principle of acquaintance that allows him to have epistemological worries about the basic concepts of logic. This is not true of Carnap. No concerns of an epistemological nature about logic are in evidence in his book. Indeed, the role that structure plays in the account of objectivity indicates that logic must be in place before any epistemological question can be raised.
22 The Aufbau and the external world program odds with what one would have expected on the empiricist reading of the work. Carnap seems to be saying that empirical scientific statements are somehow purely formal. No mention is made here of the crucial role for experience in questions of meaning and verification that is the stock in trade of the empiricist. " Here we have a view of the objectivity of scientific statements that makes little sense from an empiricist point of view. Indeed, this account of objectivity makes the end point of empiricist reduction - the "given" in experience - the paradigm of the subjective and, thus, the antithesis of knowledge.
He returns to this issue in the discussion of the form of the basis in section 75, where he writes: "Cassirer has 3 'Object' is being taken here in the widest sense, in accordance with Carnap's admonition of §1, as I noted in Chapter One. The point is not to distinguish concepts from objects but to indicate how precise, determinate significance accrues to any scientific concept or object. This explains the fluidity of my mode of expression here; given the argumentative context, this is scarcely avoidable.