Download Bright-sided: How the Relentless Promotion of Positive by Barbara Ehrenreich PDF

By Barbara Ehrenreich

A sharp-witted knockdown of America's love affair with confident considering and an pressing demand a brand new dedication to realism

Americans are a "positive" people—cheerful, positive, and upbeat: this is often our popularity in addition to our self-image. yet greater than a temperament, being optimistic, we're informed, is the main to luck and prosperity.

In this completely unique tackle the yank mind set, Barbara Ehrenreich strains the unusual profession of our sunny outlook from its origins as a marginal nineteenth-century therapeutic strategy to its enshrinement as a dominant, nearly obligatory, cultural angle. Evangelical mega-churches pontificate the excellent news that you just in simple terms need to wish whatever to get it, simply because God desires to "prosper" you. The clinical career prescribes optimistic pondering for its presumed future health merits. Academia has made room for brand new departments of "positive psychology" and the "science of happiness." Nowhere, even though, has bright-siding taken more impregnable root than in the company group, the place, as Ehrenreich indicates, the refusal even to contemplate unfavorable outcomes—like loan defaults—contributed on to the present fiscal crisis.

With the mythbusting powers for which she is acclaimed, Ehrenreich exposes the disadvantage of America's penchant for confident considering: On a private point, it results in self-blame and a morbid preoccupation with stamping out "negative" innovations. On a countrywide point, it's introduced us an period of irrational optimism leading to catastrophe. this is often Ehrenreich at her provocative best—poking holes in traditional knowledge and pretend technological know-how, and finishing with a choice for existential readability and braveness.

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Extra info for Bright-sided: How the Relentless Promotion of Positive Thinking Has Undermined America

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2001). Vor aHem die Tatsache, dass ein vergleichsweise hoher Anteil von Frauen aus den unteren Klassen und der Arbeiterklasse wiihrend der Schwangerschaft raucht, wird deutliche Effekte auf die klassenspezifische Unterschiede in der Morbiditiit auch fur die Zukunft erwarten lassen (Graham 1994). Freizeitverhalten: Eine besonders instruktive Studie zu diesem Themenfeld wurde von Pavel Uttitz durchgeflihrt, der die Determinanten des Freizeitverhaltens auf der Basis von vier Umfragen aus den Jahren 1953,1963,1974 und 1980 miteinander verglichen hat.

1997). Dabei wird nicht nur deutlich, dass Deutschland im intemationalen Vergleich eine relativ niedrige Rate der beruflichen Mobilitat aufweist, sondem dass die strukturellen Entwicklungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt durch die jeweiIigen Institutionen in hohem MaJSe gebrochen werden. s Dieses Beispiel der beruflichen Mobilitat zeigt sehr deutlich die Vorztige der Lebensverlaufforschung: Erstens wird im Gegensatz zur Zeitdiagnose der Verzeitlichung der sozialen Ungleichheit in diesen Forschungen sehr prazise herausgearbeitet, durch welche Strukturen Berufsverlaufe gepragt werden; dabei finden neben den individuellen Determinanten auch die strukturellen Rahmenbedingungen von Klassenlage, sektoralen und betrieblichen Arbeitsmarkten sowie nationalen Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen und Wohlfahrtsregimen Beriicksichtigung.

1994: 11; Konietzka 1995: 21; Muller 1992: 21-22; Spellerberg 1996: 55; Zerger 2000: 25; Wahl 2003: 22-26). 6 Die Entkopplungsthese aUf dem Priifstand Die These von der Entkopplung von Klassenzugehorigkeit und subjektiven Merkmalen solI an dieser Stelle einer umfassenden kritischen Uberpriifung unterzogen werden, da sie in besonderer Radikalitat die These vom Ende der Relevanz des Klassen- und Schichtenkonzepts fur die gegenwartige Soziologie behauptet. 1m ersten Schritt solI fur verschiedene Verhaltensbereiche (Konsum, Freizeit, Wahlverhalten) auf der Basis einer Literaturzusammenschau untersucht werden, ob und in welchem AusmaB im Zeitverlauf iiberhaupt eine Entkopplung von KlassenzugehOrigkeit und Handeln stattgefunden hat.

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