By United Nations
Gender inequality is mostly famous as one of many major stumbling blocks to improvement within the Arab quarter. This quantity of the file specializes in the historical past and modern dynamics of Arab women's monetary, political, and social empowerment. It information the approaches during which gender affects on Arab improvement whereas suggesting technique of overcoming the various demanding situations and construction extra equitable societies.
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Additional info for Arab Human Development Report 2005: Towards the Rise of Women in the Arab World
In some societies, the qualitative accumulation of small victories by women has caused patriarchal hegemony to retreat, to varying degrees. And women often rise to the challenge of coping with harsh changes and have proven to be the protectors of social existence in exceptionally tough situations as is the case with women under siege and sanctions in Iraq, and under the multi-faceted violence afflicting Sudan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Palestine. In this sense, social structures have not prevented women, in different degrees and forms, from becoming active players in the historical transition that some Arab countries are undergoing.
Such appointments do not however reflect a general trend towards women’s empowerment. Women in power are often selected from the ranks of the elite or appointed from the ruling party as window dressing for the ruling regimes. OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS OF ARAB WOMEN Certain Arab women have realised outstanding achievements in various fields, including those in which women do not receive training on an equal footing with men, such as athletics and the natural and precise sciences. Literary creativity: Women writers have EXECUTIVE SUMMARY proved that they can write and are capable of equalling and, at times, surpassing their male colleagues.
The Report cites the spread of education among females; the entry of many women into the higher professions as doctors, university faculty, engineers and lawyers; the accession by some women to positions of power in the leadership of political parties and governments; the development of a well rooted consciousness of the situation in which women were living; and an increase in societal sympathy for women’s issues. Governments attempted to bring women’s associations together into “unions,” in line with a common phenomenon in the Arab world, namely, the confinement of women within a framework monitored and directed by the male power structure.