By Robert B. Ewen
This seventh Edition helps scholars resolve the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable creation to the tips of the main major character theorists.
Engaging biographical sketches commence each one bankruptcy, and targeted pill summaries support scholars evaluation key concepts. Theories come alive during the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and various purposes equivalent to dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.
Significant adjustments within the seventh variation contain a longer dialogue of the sensible purposes of character idea, with an emphasis on directions that may support humans elevate their self-knowledge, make larger judgements, and stay extra gratifying lives.
Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge contain students, mom and dad, terrorists, enterprise executives, and politicians, whereas different examples express the confident results which may outcome from a greater figuring out of one’s unconscious.
This seventh version additionally encompasses a extra large dialogue of the way an absence of self-understanding triggered problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit may be strongly encouraged by way of the placement in addition to by means of one’s personality.
Finally, a brand new interactive website offers perform try out questions and different themes of interest.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition
To devise methods for bringing unconscious material to consciousness, including the interpretation of dreams. • To explain why personality often becomes a house divided against itself, torn by severe intrapsychic conflicts. • To show that sexuality underlies virtually all human behavior, and the failure to resolve the Oedipus complex is the primary cause of psychopathology. • To emphasize that childhood is extremely important for personality development, and is when psychopathology originates.
In displacement, you know that you are angry and choose a safer target; in projection, you repress your anger and believe that other people are angry at you. Also, projection always operates unconsciously, whereas some displacements may be conscious. Although projection plays a significant role in the development of paranoid behavior, it is a normal way for very young children to deny their mistakes (A. Freud, 1936/1966, p. 123). The ego may also protect itself by refusing to face an unpleasant truth (denial of reality).
Conscious The part of personality that includes material of which one is aware. Drive (1) A psychological state of tension and discomfort that is caused by a physiological (bodily) need. (2) Sometimes used as a synonym for instinct. Drive reduction Eliminating or decreasing the discomfort and tension of a drive, which satisﬁes the underlying physiological need. To Freud, the major source of pleasure. Eros A synonym for the sexual instinct. Erotogenic zone An area of the body that is capable of producing erotic gratiﬁcation when stimulated.