By Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson
The second one quantity within the Advances in character Psychology sequence, this ebook offers an authoritative number of works via top specialists within the box. It makes a speciality of 3 of the key concerns in character psychology: character, have an effect on and arousal; character and intelligence; and character constitution. the 1st a part of the booklet seeks to examine cognitive biases depending on anxiousness and the organic foundations of suggestion and motion. It additionally appears to be like on the impact of temperamental characteristics on response to worrying occasions. within the moment half, contributions contemplate the mutual family members among character and intelligence, the similarities and alterations among character and intelligence, and the cognitive mechanisms of human intelligence and character. the ultimate half analyses character constitution throughout cultures and offers a version of character proper to situational descriptions. all of the authors are skilled and well known specialists within the box of character psychology. the amount comprises serious reports, bringing the reader updated with key concerns, and targeted information from modern empirical examine initiatives, reflecting the range and vigor of present paintings on character psychology.
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Extra resources for Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II
We hypothesized that The functional significance of temperament empirically tested 31 depression (depressiveness) is a general risk factor for many different illnesses (including lung cancer and myocardial infarction). Hostility may be treated as a myocardial infarction risk factor, but submissiveness (as a part of Type C; see Temoshok and Dreher, 1992) as a risk of lung cancer. Regarding the temperamental traits, it was expected that emotional reactivity may be considered a common risk factor, strongly related to depressiveness.
McCann, D. S. (2000) ‘Editorial: Personality and cognition’, European Journal of Personality 14:371–375. MacLeod, C. and Mathews, A. (1988) ‘Anxiety and the allocation of attention to threat’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 38A: 659–670. , Ebsworthy, G. and Holker, L. (2002) ‘Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attentional bias’, Journal of Abnormal Psychology 111:107–123. R. and Costa, R T.
For psychological distress the effects of all of the interactions as well as an effect of activity were not significant. Thus, the final model retains two effects: life events and emotional reactivity. For psychological well-being, the same statistical procedure was applied, which showed that effects of interactions were also insignificant. So, the final model explaining psychological wellbeing contains only simple variables, including activity. 1. 2, the data partly confirmed our hypotheses. The rate of stressors, as expected, is positively correlated with distress and negatively with well-being.